Each dog is presented or exhibited to the
judge by it’s owner, breeder or hired professional handler. The dog show
is a process of elimination as represented in the above chart.
*Males and Females compete separately within their breed in 6 regular
classes if they are not yet champions.. They include
Puppy (6-9 m and 9-12 m), 12-18
m, Novice (have never one a blue ribbon in any other class or fewer
than 3 first place ribbons in the Novice), Bred by Exhibitor (shown
by the breeder and owner), American bred (parents were mated in America
and the dog was born in America) and Open which includes any dog of
the breed at least 6 months of age.
*The next step is for all the dogs that won first place in a
class to compete to see who is best of the winning dogs. Again, Males and
Females are judged separately. Only the best male or Winners Dog and the
best female or Winners Bitch receives championship points.
*The Winners Dog and Winners Bitch then enter the ring
with dogs that are already Champions to compete for the Best of Breed award. 3 awards are usually given at this stage: Best of Breed – dog judged as best in its breed, Best
of Winners – the dog judged as the better of Winners Dog and Winners Bitch, and the Best of Opposite Sex – the best dog that is opposite sex to the Best of Breed
winner. It is very possible for the Best of Breed and Winners Dog or Winners
Bitch to be the same dog.
*Now the Best of Breed winners advance in to the Group competition. The first 4 places are awarded in each group.
As mentioned before, there are 7 groups in AKC and each breed falls into one of those groups.
– dogs bred to hunt game on land or water. These are the Pointers, Retrievers, Setters and Spaniels.
– bred for hunting other game by sight or scent and include Beagles, Bassets, Dachshunds, Greyhounds, Afghans, Blood
hounds and others.
class includes the dogs bred to pull carts and sleighs, guardian dogs, search and rescue.
Some breeds are Akita, Boxer, Great Dane, St Bernard, Malamute and Mastiff
are dogs that were developed to rid property of vermin. You’ll see Airedale,
Cairn, Scottish, Skye, Norwich, Norfolk and many others.
were mostly bred to be household companions. Chihuahua, Maltese, Pomeranian, Papillon, Chinese Crested and Havanese are examples.
is a diverse group including Chow-Chow, Bulldog, Dalmation, Bichon Frise. These dogs vary in size and function and most are
now considered companion dogs.
dogs developed to help shepherds and ranchers handle livestock. The Briard, Corgi
Collies, Belgian Tervuren, Belgian Malinois, Old English Sheep Dog fall into this category.
the big finish!
The first place
winner from each group
7 dogs, are brought into the ring
to be judged for
Best in Show.